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According to the results of 2012 Household Budget Survey in Turkey; while the expenditures on housing and rent had the highest share in total consumption expenditures with a rate of 25,8%, the share of expenditures on food and non-alcoholic beverages was 19,6% in overall Turkey. The shares of expenditures on health was 1,8% and educational services was 2,3% in total expenditures in Turkey.
The monthly average consumption expenditure per household was estimated as 2 366 TL for Turkey
While the monthly average consumption expenditure per household for Turkey was estimated as 2 120 TL in 2011, it was estimated as 2 366 TL in 2012. This value was also calculated as 2 642 TL for urban areas and 1 741 TL for rural areas in 2012.
While the share of expenditures on food & non-alcoholic beverages was decreased; the shares of housing & rent and transportation weren’t changed in 2012
When comparing the results of 2011 and 2012 Household Budget Surveys, it was observed that the share of food & non-alcoholic beverage expenditures decreased from 20,7% to 19,6%. The share of alcoholic beverages & cigarette increased to 4,2% from 4,1%, the share of clothing and footwear expenditures increased to 5,4% from 5,2%, the share of furniture & house appliances expenditures increased to 6,7% from 6,4%, the share of expenditures the share of expenditures on entertainment & culture increased to 3,2% from 2,7%, the share of expenditures on educational services increased to 2,3% from 2% and the share of and hotels & restaurants expenditures also increased to 5,8% from 5,7%. The share of health expenditures decreased from 1,9% to 1,8% and the share of communication expenditures decreased from 4% to 3,9% and expenditures on various goods and services also decreased from to 4,3% to 4,2%. On the other hand, the shares of expenditures on housing and rent and transportation weren’t changed with the rates of 25,8 % and 17,2 % respectively.
Distribution of consumption expenditures of households by expenditure types, Turkey
Share of food expenditures of households with lower income was twice more than that of households with higher income
When looking at the distribution of consumption expenditures by quintiles ordered by income, it was observed that the share of food expenditures was 29% for households in the first quintile (the lowest quintile) while the share of food expenditures was 14,4% for households in the fifth quintile (the highest quintile). Also, the share of educational services expenditures was 0,6% for households in the first quintile while it was 4,1% for households in the fifth quintile.
While food expenditures of households in the first income quintile was 12,9% of total food expenditures, the same ratio was 27,7% for the fifth quintile. Moreover, whereas housing expenditures of households in the first quintile was 11,3% of total housing expenditures, it was 31,8% for the fifth quintile. Also, educational services expenditures of households in the first income quintile was 2,3% of total educational services expenditures, same percentage for households in the fifth quintile is 66,8%. The share of transportation expenditures of households in the first quintile was 4,6% of total transportation expenditures, it was 48% for the fifth quintile.
Distribution of monthly consumption expenditures of households by expenditure types, Turkey
Expenditure patterns has changed according to households’ main source of income
While the share of food expenditures of households, in Turkey, whose main source of income is salary and wage was 17,9% in total expenditures, the same ratio was 24,4% for the households whose main source of income is pensions. For the ratio of housing and rent expenditures in total; whereas the households whose main source of income is other transfers had the highest share with a rate of 35% and the households whose main source of income is entrepreneur income had the lowest share with a rate of 23,3%. The share of educational services expenditures was 1% for the households whose main source of income is pensions while it was 6,4% for households whose main source of income is property income, interest & dividends. Statistical Office Turkey
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